Spirulina and the immune system is an interesting topic. Why? The immune system is a complex of ruthless guards, who can stand against intruders of every kind. The primary function of the immune system is to recognize, detect and then kill invading pathogens, such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses. Spirulina, a source of active ingredients such as phycocyanin, helps the immune system perform her job in the efficient and effective way.
How Does the Immune System Work?
There are two responses of the immune system. They classified as innate response and adaptive response.
These ruthless guards are phagocytes, which kill intruders. They engulf them and destroy completely. It is an innate response.
Adaptive immune system response happens when specific antigens show up. The immune system produces antibodies to react to intruders.
Spirulina and Immune System
According to Spirulina in Human Nutrition and Health, authors show that Spirulina increases phagocytic activity. Remember as I compared phagocytes with ruthless guards? Active ingredients in Spirulina strengthen the immune system and her little soldiers such as phagocytes.
Results provided in the book Spirulina in Human Nutrition and Health suggest that whole Spirulina enhances macrophage functions, such as phagocytosis and production of chemokines and cytokines. This effect may be attributable at least partially to the polysaccharide fraction.
Spirulina provides increased protection from invading pathogens ( Andrea T. Birchers and other. Spirulina and immunity, 188).
Lab tests done with animals show that Spirulina can stimulate various immune system’s functions.
These features are phagocytosis, the production of cytokines, chemokines, and other inflammatory mediators.
Spirulina can stimulate NK cells activity, B cells antibody production, T cell proliferation and possibly cytokines secretion.
Researchers describe the Spirulina as algae which possess immunomodulatory activities. Spirulina enhances immune responses while dampening immune system hyperactivity.
The Short Explanation of Terms
Phagocytosis is a process when phagocytes engulf pathogens, bacteria, small mineral particles, and debris from other cells. After the process, the waste expelled.
Phagocytes are cells within the body. Phagocytes are capable engulf and after absorption to expel bacterias, pathogens, mineral particles, and debris from small cells.
Macrophages are large, white blood cells. Macrophages engulf foreign substances, cell debris, microbes, cancer cells and some other type of the material which does not have the same kind of proteins what the healthy body has.
These cells are smart. Imagine how they recognize strangers. It is as from Agent 007 Bond movies. You must be intelligent, brave and intelligent to discover who is your friend or enemy.
Cytokines are substances, secreted by immune system cells. The behavior of cells depends on them, for example, such as the interaction and communication between cells.Cytokines are proteins.
Chemokines are part of cytokines family. Chemokines are small proteins. They are vital for cells migration through venues of blood. Chemokines have a gradient which let cells know about directions where to move in the case of emergencies such as inflammation or invaders.
NK cells are killer cells. NK cells quickly respond when intruders such as viral-infected cells show up. Natural killer cells are unique. NK cells were able to detect stressed cells in the absence of antibodies. NK does not require activation. They kill intruders who do not have specific markers.
Cells of the immune system have unique markers which distinguish them from intruders. NK cells recognize intruders who are without markers.
For me, our bodies remind the little world where friends and neighbors, foes and strangers interact in various ways.
Antibodies are proteins. Antibodies produced by the immune system. The antibody is also known as immunoglobulin. When invaders, also called antigens, invade the foreign body, the immune system reacts producing antibodies.
B cells are lymphocytes, white blood cells. Some of the B cells produce antibodies which bind to antigens. Some of the B cells secrete cytokines. Remember? Cytokines participate in the intercommunication between cells.
T cells are white blood cells. T cells scan the body for intruders. Homeland security, yes? T cells activate other immune cells which engulf invaders. T cells remember the type of intruder which they met years ago. It is pretty fascinating, is not?
As you see, the immune system is responsible for our well-being. We can help themselves leading healthy lives when we provide best supplements and nutrition to our miraculous bodies. Spirulina and the immune system have relationships. The immune system can benefit from Spirulina.